Beautiful in the fact of how much power — a lot of students — well, at least at my school and I have spoken to — have seen it. to your inbox each morning. What did this mean for you as a 17-year old? The percentage of black women admitted would be increased to 12.5% and $1.2 million would be set aside over three years for scholarship and recruitment programs in order to raise the overall percentage of enrolled black students. And we show that in the movie by interviewing and giving short clips to some of the leaders of the walkouts who were regular kids and who today are continuing to be activists in their particular profession.

Esparza and 12 others were arrested and jailed for conspiracy to disturb the peace. Making a “concerted effort” but having no definite goal in mind is like starting out on a long, arduous journey but neglecting to decide beforehand where you are going.

What was your role in the walkout movement?

However, actually talking to people face-to-face—seeing their expressions or being able to argue with or convince them, actually hearing their misgivings and answering questions—I think was really important to sustaining the building of the movement. And Esparza’s real-life daughter, Tonantzin Esparza, plays Vickie Castro, a protester who went on to become a principal and a school board member. Esparza and twelve others were arrested and jailed for conspiracy to disturb the peace. Sal Castro was the leader if the 1968 Chicano Walkouts, who lived from 1933 until April 2013. They also serve as a clear demand. Schools taught a curriculum that largely ignored or denied Mexican-American history and Chicano students were steered toward menial labor and away from college by counselors and school officials.

The people who were involved as part of the leadership of 1968, and who continued their younger brothers and sisters, because there were walkouts all the way to 1972, 1974, on a fairly regular basis, all of them have a social conscience that continues to this day. A year later, students continued their efforts at reform. As a result of these long and extensive efforts we have increased the enrollment of black students at Brown, from 1% of the total student body to almost 2%. The other things, you had cell phones, you have blueberries, you have TEACHER: Paula, get back in your seat, please. They actually talked on air. They were bathrooms, they weren’t church! I was one of the organizers and leaders. They felt they were receiving a substandard education because they were Mexicans and Mexican Americans. I do know that there was organizing that was going on, but it was much faster. There are blows that were recorded on film that were like death blows. We are joined on the line by now by award-winning film producer and community activist, Moctesuma Esparza. The students had clear proposals for reform, including an end to corporal punishment, the inclusion of Mexican-American history in the curriculum, and the removal of administrators and teachers who showed prejudice towards Mexican or Mexican-American students. One time, Mr. Castro took us for a 15-20 minute ride down the freeway to another school. Then, as now, high school students were angry and frustrated about the way their lives were being harmed within the walls of an institution that was supposed to support and protect them. It has taken a year and a half of cooperative work to increase the enrollment of black students less than 1%. Yesterday was not the first time that high schoolers walked out the door of a classroom, calling for a revolution. Fifty years ago, 17-year-old Paula Crisostomo helped organize a multi-school walkout that galvanized the Mexican-American community in Los Angeles. After three days, President Heffner agreed to take steps to increase African American admissions and to improve financial aid options. This is viewer supported news. While what they’re doing is awesome, by standing up when grownups would not, I just, again, have to wonder why when people of color, when our movements stand up, we’re vilified for it.