Columbia occupies an area of 1,141,748 square kilometers and has a population of 48,229,000.

Brazil is by far the largest country in Latin America. The US and Mexico exchange aspects of language, food, and pop culture. Required fields are marked *. There is no universal agreement on the origin of the term Latin America.

This is a list of Latin American countries and dependent territories by population, which is … It’s best suited for A2 level and above, but it’s also perfect for A1 learners who wish to improve their fluency through reading. Which Latin American Countries Drink The Most Alcohol? The independence movements in Latin America began in the early 1800s. Colombia’s national symbols include the Andean Condor bird, and the Orchid, which is the national flower. The idea that a part of the Americas has a linguistic affinity with the Romance cultures as a … Latin America includes all the Portuguese- and Spanish-speaking nations located to the south of the United States. Type in your name and email to get 6 weird, wacky, and super entertaining Spanish stories for you and your family! They can teach you Spanish and give you more insight into the culture and history of Latin America. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. The city is also home to the renowned Christ the Redeemer statue.

The countries share significant similarities because they were colonized either by Spain or Portugal. Mexico is not part of Central America. The official language of Brazil is Portuguese, the result of Portuguese occupation in the region for over three centuries. Join Us in Celebrating Independence Day in Guatemala! The region includes one country in North America (Mexico) and other countries in Central and South America. It covers an area of 1,972,550 square kilometers and has a population of 122,435,500. Your email address will not be published. These are divided into different regions based on language, geography, and history. I have lived in Latin America for 6 years now, and I have worked as an ESL teacher, translator, and missionary during that time. According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica: “Central America, southernmost region of North America, lying between Mexico and South America and comprising Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Belize.”. The history of the Federal Republic of Central America shows that while Mexico and Central America share a common language, there has always been a distinction between the two areas.

The issue of immigration gives Mexico a political identity all its own. Mexico and Central America have rich, diverse cultures and histories. The region comprises nearly 13% of the Earth’s total land surface area. It stretches out to cover an area of 8,515,767 square kilometers and has a population of 205,573,000 people. Omissions? According to these definitions, Central America is part of North America.

Mexico is the only country in Latin America that borders an English-speaking country (the United States).

At the forefront of these movements were people who had been exposed to the Enlightenment and were opposed to Spain’s many restrictions. This Republic did not include Mexico, and it actually merged with the Empire of Mexico from 1822-1823. For hundreds of years, there has been a distinction between the peoples of Central America and Mexico. In 1821, the Central American countries, with the exception of Panama, formed the Federal Republic of Central America.

Latin America is generally understood to consist of the entire continent of South America in addition to Mexico, Central America, and the islands of the Caribbean whose inhabitants speak a Romance language. The Spanish Empire consequently crumbled and its position in Latin America was weakened. The Americas are a vast region containing 35 countries. Oil is a major export from Mexico along with electronics and automobiles. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The dominant language in Mexico is Spanish, and there exist other minor languages spoken by immigrants and indigenous communities. Even today, we can see vast differences between Mexico and Central America. However, they soon reestablished themselves as their own entity. If we go back to the indigenous civilizations, the Aztec empire was fully located in modern-day Mexico.

Just imagine what else there is to discover in the rest of Latin America! In 1840, the Federal Republic of Central America became the independent nations we know today. To understand whether Mexico is part of Central America or not, we need to first define regions in the Americas. The economy of Argentina heavily relies on agricultural exports and its numerous industries. Latin America is generally understood to consist of the entire continent of South America in addition to Mexico, Central America, and the islands of the Caribbean whose inhabitants speak a Romance language. These resources are exported and contribute largely to the country’s GDP. The question is: is Mexico considered part of North America or Central America? Roman Catholic is the main religion in Mexico, and the Virgin of Guadalupe icon is a national symbol of the prevalence of religion and culture. It’s full of interesting stories, great pictures, and English-Spanish parallel text. The short answer to this question is no.

The Ultimate Resource List: Spanish for Beginners (PDFs, books, movies, etc. Roman Catholic is the predominant religion in Argentina. Central America is a connecting isthmus. Start reading in Spanish today! By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. However, there are more subcategories, one of which is Central America. (See also Central America; North America; South America; West Indies (the Caribbean); Latin American art; Latin American architecture; Latin American dance; Latin American economic system; Latin American literature; Latin American music.).

Notably, Argentina is known for the Tango dance which has gained popularity across the world. Because of this, Mexico has a unique political and cultural position. Brazil has abundant natural resources such as oil, iron ore, natural gas, and aluminum. Latin America consists of twenty sovereign states and several territories. It is an upper-middle-class country that boasts of superior infrastructure than other Latin American Countries. The Mayan empire, though, stretched from the southernmost part of Mexico into Central America. In general, Mexicans do not identify themselves as being part of Central America. The culture in Brazil is diverse due to immigrants, colonization, and influence of the native people. The first uprisings were unsuccessful and happened in Mexico and Venezuela. Extraordinary Patterns: Guatemala’s Annual Kite Festival. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). By 1825, some of the present-day Latin American countries were independent. Just as Central America shares a similar climate and terrain, the region also has a united history. (Belize has been declared as part of Guatemala on and off since this time, so it was not a recognized state of the Federal Republic.).

The issue of immigration gives Mexico a political identity all its own. But why isn’t Mexico part of Central America? Already divided under Spanish rule, the Mexican Empire and the Central American federation formed after each gained independence. Because of Mexico’s large size, it is a powerhouse of culture. ), How to Talk About Your Spanish Class in Spanish, 4 Essential Elements of an Effective Homeschool Spanish Curriculum, Why HSA’s Spanish Tutoring Is the Most Effective for Your Child, Five Tips on How to Keep Up with Spanish During Breaks and Vacations, 5 Ways to Incorporate Spanish Into Your Everyday Life, Have a Spooky Halloween in Spanish! The culture in Colombia is diverse and varies between the interior, countryside, and coastal regions. Mexico is the largest source not only of Latin American immigrants, but of all immigrants to the U.S. Latin American Countries With The Most World Cup Titles, Countries With the Most American Emigrants, The Most Visited National Parks in the United States, 10 Ways Anyone Can Climb The Mount Everest Base Camp Expedition, The Most Beautiful Countries In The World, How To Tell Which Animal Tourism Activities Are Ethical, And Which Are Exploitative. This isthmus arguably starts with the isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico (line 3 in the image below), which would mean that a small portion of Mexico is in Central America. HSA offers Spanish curricula for all ages. The dominant language is Spanish, and other minority languages are spoken by immigrants and natives such as German and Guarani. This is an alphabetically ordered list of countries in Latin America. As such, Mexico takes great pride in its unique culture and history. The wave of independence movements started in 1816, led by Simon Bolivar, and defeated the Spanish army with decisive victories. In my free time, I love drawing and painting portraits and reading fantasy novels. Because of this, Mexico has a unique political and cultural position. Since the beginning, there has been a distinction in ruling between Mexico and Central America. The Brazilian capital city is Brasilia. The US and Mexico exchange aspects of language, food, and pop culture. Spanish is the principal language spoken in the country. The relations between countries in Latin America are generally friendly, and the last armed conflict in the region was in 1995 between Ecuador and Peru. 10 Best Spanish Telenovelas on Netflix to Binge Watch Right Now! They also have similar climates (tropics and mountains) and volcanic topography. Colombia is also an agricultural economy with the cultivation of products such as coffee, cotton, sugarcane, and tobacco. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/list-of-countries-in-Latin-America-2061416. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The peoples of this large area shared the experience of conquest and colonization by the Spaniards and Portuguese from the late 15th through the 18th century as well as movements of independence from … The Brazilian capital city is Brasilia. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on May 31 2018 in Travel. The country has abundant natural resources such as petroleum, lead, iron ore, zinc, and uranium.