[75], During the Hellenistic period, the Greeks identified Aphrodite with the ancient Egyptian goddesses Hathor and Isis. He asserts that Aphrodite Ourania is the celestial Aphrodite, born from the sea foam after Cronus castrated Uranus, and the older of the two goddesses. [174] Aphrodite, Hera, and Athena all claimed to be the fairest, and thus the rightful owner of the apple. In Russia, between the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries, Lada and Lado were worshiped during springtime fertility rites. [123] When Aphrodite gave birth, she was horrified to see that the child had a massive, permanently erect penis, a potbelly, and a huge tongue.
[119], Aphrodite's main attendants were the three Charites, whom Hesiod identifies as the daughters of Zeus and Eurynome and names as Aglaea ("Splendor"), Euphrosyne ("Good Cheer"), and Thalia ("Abundance").

[239] Later Italian renditions of the same scene include Titian's Venus Anadyomene (c. 1525)[239] and Raphael's painting in the Stufetta del cardinal Bibbiena (1516). [83] During the Roman era, the cults of Aphrodite in many Greek cities began to emphasize her relationship with Troy and Aeneas. One of the first and oldest Greek goddesses, Hestia was the goddess of the hearth and the sibling of Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades. However, the Roman Venus had many more abilities than Aphrodite, since she was also the goddess of victory or even of prostitution.

Eden, P.T., "Venus and the Cabbage" Hermes, 91, (1963) p. 456. [53], Vinalia urbana (April 23), a wine festival shared by Venus and Jupiter, king of the gods. [119], Aphrodite's main attendants were the three Charites, whom Hesiod identifies as the daughters of Zeus and Eurynome and names as Aglaea ("Splendor"), Euphrosyne ("Good Cheer"), and Thalia ("Abundance").

[145], In Hesiod's Works and Days, Zeus orders Aphrodite to make Pandora, the first woman, physically beautiful and sexually attractive,[146] so that she may become "an evil men will love to embrace". For extensive research and a bibliography on the subject, see: de Franciscis 1963, p. 78, tav.

[30][31] Early artistic and literary portrayals of Aphrodite are extremely similar on Inanna-Ishtar. "Roman Venus: public worship and private rites."

An ancient Italian (Roman) goddess, Venus is associated with cultivated fields and gardens and later identified by the Romans with the Greek goddess of love, Aphrodite. [142] Adonis chose to spend that time with Aphrodite.
As goddess of love and sex, Venus played an essential role at Roman prenuptial rites and wedding nights, so myrtle and roses were used in bridal bouquets. [163] Instead, their husbands started having sex with their Thracian slave-girls. [6] Aphrodite's name is generally accepted to be of non-Greek, probably Semitic, origin, but its exact derivation cannot be determined. Garcia, Brittany.

The cult forming around Venus Genetrix on the Capitoline Hill was reserved for the higher-classes, but in 181 BCE  and 114 BCE the temples and cult of Venus Eycina and Venus Verticordia (Venus the changer of hearts) were established for the plebeians. In fact, Chaucer uses the turbulent relationship between Mars and Venus to represent Palamon, the warrior, and Emily, the lovely maiden in the flower garden.

[206], Because of her connections to the sea, Aphrodite was associated with a number of different types of water fowl,[207] including swans, geese, and ducks.

The general and dictator Sulla adopted Felix ("Lucky") as a surname, acknowledging his debt to heaven-sent good fortune and his particular debt to Venus Felix, for his extraordinarily fortunate political and military career.