The Kennedy Center Honors are awarded each year to those in the performing arts who have contributed greatly to the cultural life of the United States. [6] Founded after the American Revolution, Washington was named for George Washington, the first president of the United States and a Founding Father. [155], Tourism is Washington's second-largest industry. The axes bounding the quadrants radiate from the U.S. Capitol building. The Washington Mystics (Women's National Basketball Association) play in the St. Elizabeths East Entertainment and Sports Arena. The federal Height of Buildings Act of 1910 allows buildings that are no taller than the width of the adjacent street, plus 20 feet (6.1 m). However, Congress maintains supreme authority over the city and may overturn local laws. Trump's 2019 Independence Day event, "A Salute to America", cost six times more than Independence Day events in past years. The best-loved of all Washington's memorials, the Lincoln Memorial stands at the far end of the mall, separated from the Washington Monument by the Reflecting Pool. Other Smithsonian museums and galleries include: the Anacostia Community Museum in Southeast Washington; the National Postal Museum near Union Station; and the National Zoo in Woodley Park. In 1791, President Washington commissioned Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant, a French-born architect and city planner, to design the new capital. The aqueduct provides drinking water for a total of 1.1 million people in the district and Virginia, including Arlington, Falls Church, and a portion of Fairfax County. Congress and the Erosion of Local Governance in the District of Columbia, "City's 1st Mayoral Race, as Innocent as Young Love", "C&O Canal National Historic Park: History & Culture", "D.C.'s Puny Peak Enough to Pump Up 'Highpointers, "Science in Your State: District of Columbia", "Washington's Myths, Legends, and Tall Tales—Some of Which Are True", "Washington Built on a Swamp? [94] Despite popular belief, no law has ever limited buildings to the height of the United States Capitol Building or the 555-foot (169 m) Washington Monument,[60] which remains the district's tallest structure. [148] Between 2009 and 2016, GDP per capita in Washington has consistently ranked on the very top among U.S. states. Washington, D.C., has fifteen official sister city agreements. [80], Washington's climate will grow warmer and rainfall will increase as the result of climate change. [112], Washington has had a significant African American population since the city's foundation. Another popular local daily is The Washington Times, the city's second general interest broadsheet and also an influential paper in conservative political circles. [40], The city's first motorized streetcars began service in 1888 and generated growth in areas of the district beyond the City of Washington's original boundaries. Therefore, the district's area consists only of the portion originally donated by Maryland. The former District and its subdivisions: This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 00:52. Washington, D.C., capital of the United States, coextensive with the District of Columbia, located on the northern shore of the Potomac River. The headquarters of Voice of America, the U.S. government's international news service, is near the Capitol in Southwest Washington.[201]. From 2008 to 2012, the district hosted an annual college football bowl game at RFK Stadium, called the Military Bowl. Winters are damp, and extremes in temperature and heavy snowfalls are not typical. [188][189], Other professional and semi-professional teams in Washington include: DC Defenders (XFL), Old Glory DC (Major League Rugby), the Washington Kastles (World TeamTennis); the Washington D.C. Slayers (USA Rugby League); the Baltimore Washington Eagles (U.S. Australian Football League); the D.C. Divas (Independent Women's Football League); and the Potomac Athletic Club RFC (Rugby Super League). Some members of Congress suggested moving the capital further west, but President Ulysses S. Grant refused to consider such a proposal. One group known as the Nacotchtank (also called the Nacostines by Catholic missionaries) maintained settlements around the Anacostia River within the present-day District of Columbia. Parkland: Approximately 19.4 percent of the city. [66] The U.S. Department of Agriculture operates the 446-acre (1.80 km2) U.S. National Arboretum in Northeast Washington. Founded on July 16, 1790, Washington, DC is unique among American cities because it was established by the Constitution of the United States to serve as the nation’s capital. The William H.G. Commuting by Automobile in the United States: 2013", "Capital Bike-Share Washington DC / Arlington | PBSC", "D.C. streetcar project may get hung up on overhead wires", "Plan to bury D.C.'s outage-prone power lines backed by task force", U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: District of Columbia (civil). [94], The district is divided into four quadrants of unequal area: Northwest (NW), Northeast (NE), Southeast (SE), and Southwest (SW). Major international flights arrive and depart from Dulles International Airport, 26.3 miles (42.3 km) west of the district in Fairfax and Loudoun counties in Virginia. [52] Tiber Creek, a natural watercourse that once passed through the National Mall, was fully enclosed underground during the 1870s. Category:Companies based in Washington, D.C. Category:Non-profit organizations based in Washington, D.C. In the 2010–11 school year, 46,191 students were enrolled in the public school system. [234], The district is known for its medical research institutions such as Washington Hospital Center and the Children's National Medical Center, as well as the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland. Let’s face it. [136] The murder rate has since risen from that historic low, though it remains close to half the rate of the early 2000s. Conflicts with European colonists and neighboring tribes forced the relocation of the Piscataway people, some of whom established a new settlement in 1699 near Point of Rocks, Maryland. [47], After the assassination of civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., on April 4, 1968, riots broke out in the district, primarily in the U Street, 14th Street, 7th Street, and H Street corridors, centers of black residential and commercial areas. [255] An 1889 law prohibits overhead wires within much of the historic City of Washington. [204] The attorney general of the District of Columbia is elected to a four-year term. WASA or D.C. Water) is an independent authority of the D.C. government that provides drinking water and wastewater collection in Washington. [237] The interstate highways that continue into Washington, including I-66 and I-395, both terminate shortly after entering the city. Washington, D.C., D.C. in full District of Columbia, city and capital of the United States of America. ", "Nation's Capital in Eclipse as Pride and Power Slip Away", "The 10 most-visited cities in the US this year", "D.C. breaks another domestic tourism record", "Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV", National Archives and Records Administration, "Boundary Stones of the District of Columbia", "Why Is Washington, D.C. Called the District of Columbia? [131] A 2009 report found that at least three percent of District residents have HIV or AIDS, which the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) characterizes as a "generalized and severe" epidemic. [41][90] Washington's street grid was extended, where possible, throughout the district starting in 1888. D.C. United (Major League Soccer) plays at Audi Field. Due to the District of Columbia retrocession, the city has a total area of 68.34 square miles (177.0 km2), of which 61.05 square miles (158.1 km2) is land and 7.29 square miles (18.9 km2) (10.67%) is water. The City of Washington was founded in 1791 to serve as the new national capital. [157] According to statistics compiled in 2011, four of the largest 500 companies in the country were headquartered in the district. [161] The Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, George Mason Memorial, Jefferson Memorial, Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial, and the District of Columbia War Memorial are around the Tidal Basin. [29], On August 24–25, 1814, in a raid known as the Burning of Washington, British forces invaded the capital during the War of 1812. [192] "The Post", as it is popularly called, is well known as the newspaper that exposed the Watergate scandal. Think Again", "Comparison of Federally Owned Land with Total Acreage of States", "U.S. National Arboretum History and Mission", "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "D.C.-area forecast: Temperatures seesaw this week between mild and cool, while extreme winter weather stays away", "Severe Storm Warnings, Tornado Watches Expire", "Where Snowzilla fits into D.C.'s top 10 snowstorms", "The Washington and Jefferson Snowstorm of 1772", "Bulk of Flooding Expected in Old Town, Washington Harbour", "WMO Climate Normals for WASHINGTON DC/NATIONAL ARPT VA 1961–1990", What Climate Change Means for the District of Columbia, "Washington, D.C. shatters all-time June record high, sizzles to 104", The first freeze is coming Saturday and, for most of the D.C. area, it's historically late. The label Dischord Records, formed by Ian MacKaye, frontman of Fugazi, was one of the most crucial independent labels in the genesis of 1980s punk and eventually indie rock in the 1990s. [156] The district also hosts nearly 200 foreign embassies and international organizations such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Organization of American States, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the Pan American Health Organization. [97] The city of Rosslyn, Virginia, located across the Potomac River from D.C., serves as a base of operations for several Fortune 500 companies, due to the building height restrictions in place within the District of Columbia. [11] This continues a growth trend since 2000, following a half-century of population decline. [90], By law, Washington's skyline is low and sprawling. The signing of the Residence Act on July 16, 1790, approved the creation of a capital district located along the Potomac River near the country's East Coast. Many people think DC starts and ends with the federal government, but this 68-square-mile city has so much more – and it’s at the top of its game. [78] Flooding of the Potomac River, however, caused by a combination of high tide, storm surge, and runoff, has been known to cause extensive property damage in the neighborhood of Georgetown. Nationals Park, which opened in Southeast D.C. in 2008, is home to the Washington Nationals (Major League Baseball). Neighborhoods Also Jumping With Robberies", "District of Columbia Crime Rates 1960–2010", "Supreme Court Strikes Down D.C. Ban on Handguns", "D.C. Attorney General: All Guns Must Be Registered", "U.S. Park Police Authority and Jurisdiction", "Per capita real GDP by state (chained 2009 dollars)", "Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release", "Regional and State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release", District of Columbia Wage and Salary Employment by Industry and Place of Work 2017, "Wage and Salary Employment by Industry and Place of Work", "Some Cities Will Be Safer in a Recession", "Amazon's Grand Search For 2nd Headquarters Ends With Split: NYC And D.C.